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Overview of Thyroid Symptoms, Causes, and How to Avoid It

How your heart is affected by the thyroid gland

At the bottom of the throat is a butterfly-shaped gland called the thyroid. It makes chemicals that affect your body’s organs, including your heart. Your blood pressure and heart rate are affected by your thyroid hormones. Too many or few hormones can hurt your heart and cause heart disease. The amount of hydrogenated fat in your blood is also affected by your thyroid. In the end, if your thyroid gland isn’t working right, even a little bit, you can also expect to have heart problems.

Currently, 6% of Americans are estimated to suffer from thyroid illness or a thyroid gland that isn’t working properly. People with thyroid disease either have a thyroid gland that works too much or not enough. Most people with thyroid disease have hypothyroidism, which means their thyroid gland is not working as well as it should.

Hypothyroidism has a lot of common symptoms.

Your thyroid levels decline when you have hypothyroidism, which impacts several physiological systems and results in various symptoms.

Most of the time, they are:

  • Fatigue
  • Not able to handle the cold.
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin Gaining weight
  • Weakness in muscles

There are also several other signs. The trouble with these signs is that they are common among older people. So, you can still have most of these signs even if your thyroid gland is working well. Also, hypothyroidism is more common in people over 60, and some don’t have any of these signs. All of these products make it hard to tell if someone has hypothyroidism.

How Hypothyroidism Causes Heart Problems

Even though hypothyroidism is hard to spot, it’s important to check for it because it has many effects on the heart and circulation system:

There’s a chance that your heart rate may drop dramatically.

Your blood pressure goes up because your arteries lose some of their flexibility.

Your cholesterol level may increase, which accelerates artery constriction.

How the heart is affected by hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid works too much. Even though it happens less often in people with thyroid disease, it’s still important to discuss how it affects the heart.

Your heart rate might go up.

You might have atrial fibrillation or other unusual heartbeats.

You might have a rise in blood pressure.

Hyperthyroidism can sometimes cause chest pain or angina.

Lifestyle Risk Factors

Thyroid problems are more likely to happen if you do certain things. Among them are:

  • Smoking, because tobacco includes chemicals that hurt the thyroid gland. These chemicals cause inflammation, making it hard to absorb iodine and produce thyroid hormones.
  • Psychological stress, like going through a breakup or losing a friend or family member.
  • The thyroid has been hurt or hurt badly.
  • History of taking large amounts of certain drugs, like lithium (in many mood stabilizers) and iodine.

Immunity, Inflammation, and Being Able to Have Children

Even when TSH levels are normal, autoimmune disease can make it hard to get pregnant. Dr. Unuane says that the immunity unbalances shown by thyroid antibodies can affect a woman’s ability to have children by:

Making it hard for the egg to get fertilized; making it hard for the embryo to grow.

Putting the chance of an abortion up

Specialists don’t always agree on how important it is to know how many antibodies you have. Dr. Christofides says that the antibody count is unimportant for diagnosing because having thyroid antibodies means you have an autoimmune disease. However, the antibody count can be functionally important.

Important for pregnancy is the number of antigens and the level of thyroid hormones; consequently, it is essential to collaborate with your physician to determine a secure mixture based on your requirements.

When to contact the doctor if you think you may have a thyroid issue

Usually, overactive or underactive thyroid symptoms develop gradually over weeks to months. All problems with the thyroid need to be looked at by a doctor and handled properly.

Hypothyroidism, for example, can cause major problems with how the brain works, as well as intestine blockages and heart problems that make it hard for the heart to beat. Complications can also happen if the person gets an infection, is exposed to cold weather, takes certain medicines, or is hurt, which can worsen the symptoms.

Thyrotoxic crisis or “thyroid storm” are other names for severe hyperthyroidism. This disease can make it hard to live and cause serious heart and brain problems.

All thyroid problems have signs and symptoms similar to several other medical conditions. This makes it hard to tell what’s wrong without tests.

Any symptoms like stomach pain, shortness of breath, chest pain, extreme neck pain, the rapid growth of the thyroid gland (lump in the throat), trouble eating, disorientation and confusion, dizziness, high fever, vomiting, or even coma must be treated as a medical emergency.

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