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Relationship Between Hyperthyroidism And PCOS

Both hyperthyroidism (also known as hyperactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (also known as underactive thyroid) are two forms of thyroid dysfunction that may affect people.

Evidence from 2015 reveals that polycystic ovary syndrome may be related to thyroid malfunction, even though PCOS does not directly cause hyperthyroidism.

There has only been a short amount of research done on the correlation between PCOS and thyroid problems, and the studies that have been conducted have indicated significant differences in the prevalence of both disorders. Despite this, data shows hypothyroidism is more frequent than hyperthyroidism in persons with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

A broad variety of symptoms may be brought on by hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the body generates more thyroid hormone than it requires. The following are some common symptoms:

  • Anxiousness, 
  • Tremors, 
  • Weight loss, 
  • Sleep difficulties, 
  • Heart palpitations,

These indication are not the same as those associated with PCOS, which often include weight gain, hair loss, and oily skin, among other signs and symptoms. If a person with PCOS develops signs of hyperthyroidism, they should make an appointment with their primary care physician as soon as possible.

PCOS, And thyroid issues

According to research, those who have PCOS have an increased risk of developing thyroid issues. However, experts have not yet arrived at a definitive clarification for why this is the case.

Hormonal imbalances are thought to be caused by certain trained professionals. Androgens are endocrine that play a role in the development of male sexual characteristics, and people who have PCOS have greater amounts of these hormones. Incorrect hormone levels may have a knock-on effect on other journals and systems in the body, including the thyroid.

Additionally, evidence indicates that those with PCOS may have a greater frequency of autoimmune thyroid illnesses such as Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in their population.

Graves’ disease is one of the most prevalent factors that may lead to hyperthyroidism. This condition triggers the immune system to create antibodies, which causes the thyroid gland to produce excessive thyroid hormone.

The autoimmune condition known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis causes the immune system to target the thyroid gland, resulting in inadequate thyroid hormone production and, ultimately, hypothyroidism.

It is essential to remember that having PCOS does not imply that a person will have thyroid dysfunction, nor does it entail that a person will have PCOS. Both of these conditions are independent of one another.

People with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have an increased risk of thyroid diseases, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. PCOS is an endocrine illness that affects the ovaries. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism seems to occur less often.

An overactive thyroid, often known as hyperthyroidism, may lead to uncomfortable symptoms, including anxiety, excessive perspiration, and heart palpitations. 

Some individuals have both disorders, although PCOS and other ailments are uncommon.

Research from 2015 reveals that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may have a connection to thyroid malfunction. This is especially true with autoimmune thyroid illnesses like Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which both affect the thyroid.


When identifying hyperthyroidism and PCOS, a physician could utilize various diagnostic methods, including imaging studies, blood tests, and physical examinations.


The following are some of the trials that a physician could perform to detect hyperthyroidism:

The thyroid gland will be examined during the patient’s physical exam to determine whether or not it is sore or swollen. They may also look for the physical manifestations of hyperthyroidism, such as a rapid heart rate and increased sweat production.

Tests of a person’s blood may determine the amounts of thyroid and thyroid-stimulating hormones in that person’s blood.

Imaging studies: 


Imaging tests, such as ultrasounds and thyroid scans, may show abnormalities in the thyroid gland. These abnormalities can indicate that treatment is necessary.


To diagnose PCOS, a physician could utilize the following tests:

Examination of the body: 

A physical exam could be performed, and the patient might be questioned about their symptoms and periods. Acne, growing facial hair , and male pattern baldness are typical symptoms of PCOS, as are irregular or absent menstrual cycles.

Blood tests: 

A person’s hormone and insulin levels may be determined using these.

Imaging tests: 

When a doctor has cause to think that a patient has PCOS, they will do an ultrasound examination of the ovaries to look for cysts.


The therapy for hyperthyroidism in patients with PCOS is condition- and patient-specific, depending on how severe the illness is. The treatment may include medicine, adjustments to one’s way of life, or a mix of the two.

The following are some potential therapeutic options:


To restrain the amount of thyroid hormone in the body, a physician may decide to give a medicine such as propylthiouracil or methimazole.

Adaptations to one’s lifestyle: 

Medical professionals often recommend habits of a healthy lifestyle, such as frequent exercise, an adequate and nutritious diet, and ways for stress reduction.


Surgery may be required to remove a person’s thyroid gland in unusual circumstances.

Treatment for PCOS: 

The treatment of PCOS may reduce the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.


PCOS patients have a significantly increased risk of developing thyroid conditions, including hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. According to research, those who suffer from PCOS have a considerable increased risk of developing autoimmune thyroid illnesses such as Graves disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

It is not typical for patients with PCOS to also have hyperthyroidism. Both of these are unique medical disorders. On the opposite side, some people have both.

Consult a medical professional if you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and are experiencing signs of hyperthyroidism.

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